Civil rights are established in the Constitution of the Republic of Estonia. These are primarily rights for the state’s protection (also when staying abroad), security of person, self-expression, and political rights. In addition to the obligation to protect the state and its law’s, citizenship status grants the right to personally protect the state, elect and be elected, and form political parties.

A citizen has the right to:

  • vote in Riigikogu and local government elections and a popular vote, if he/she has turned 18 and the court has not divested him/her of legal active capacity
  • belong to political parties
  • run for Riigikogu if he/she is at least 21 years old
  • run for the office of President of the Republic, if he/she is at least 40 years old and an inherent citizen.

No Estonian citizens can be deported from Estonia or prevented from locating to Estonia. A citizen may be extradited to a foreign state under a respective law in order to perform the Mutual Extradition of Criminals Agreement. The Government of the Republic shall make the decision in every single case, whereas the decision can be challenged in court.