National insignia

Estonia’s national flag is a blue-black-white tricolour. The first blue-black-white flag was consecrated and blessed as the Estonian Students’ Society flag in Otepää, on 4 June 1884. During the decades that followed, the blue-black-white flag became Estonia’s national flag. The Estonian Provisional Government approved the blue-black-white flag as Estonia’s national flag on 21 November 1918.

The motive behind Estonia’s national coat of arms originates from the Danish king’s coat of arms. Parliament (Riigikogu) approved the national coat of arms on 19 June 1925.

The anthem of the Republic of Estonia is a choral song “Mu isamaa, mu õnn ja rõõm” (“My Fatherland, My Happiness and Joy”), the melody of which was composed in 1848 by Fredrik Pacius, a Finnish composer of German origin. Johann Voldemar Jannsen wrote the Estonian lyrics for the song.