Citizenship

Estonian citizenship is a legal relationship between an Estonian citizen and the Estonian state that entails rights as well as duties for both parties. An Estonian citizen cannot simultaneously have the citizenship of another country. Estonian citizenship is lost upon accepting the citizenship of another country. Citizenship acquired by birth cannot be taken away from anyone.
Estonian citizenship:

  • acquired by birth, if at least one of the parents was an Estonian citizen at the time of the child’s birth;
  • acquired via naturalisation; 
  • restored for people who have lost Estonian citizenship as minors; 
  • lost upon release from Estonian citizenship, its deprivation, or by acquiring the citizenship of some other country. 

An Estonian citizen cannot simultaneously have the citizenship of another country. Estonian citizenship is lost upon accepting the citizenship of another country. A child may acquire several citizenships at once if his/her parents have different citizenships.